François Cheval, French by nationality, was born one year after the death of Stalin and a few months after Dien Bien Phu, under the double sign of anti-Stalinism and anti-colonialism. After studying History and Ethnology at the University of Franche-Comté, in 1982 he joined the museum service, working first in the Jura and then on the island of Réunion. He was appointed director of the Musée Nicéphore Niépce (Chalon-sur-Saône), a museum devoted to the history and uses of Photography, in 1996. Drawing on the skills of artists, historians, engineers and researchers, he has been experimenting, insofar as it is possible, with innovate approaches to museography.